Invest in energy with a ETF

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Invest in energy with a ETF

Brief history of the evolution of power in time


Before the industrial revolution, the energy needs of the man were modest. To generate heat, based on the Sun and the burning of wood, straw and dried dung. Animals were used for transportation, and the power of the wind to move boats. To work, animals were used to work the man was unable to perform. The water and wind moving the machines that they were used for planting the land and pumping water from wells.
Simple machines based on the ability to harness the power of water vapor have been dated by some sources from the ancient Alexandria. The evolution of the steam engine continued over time considerably until the 17TH and 18th centuries. But the major adaptations of Thomas Newcomen and James Watt in the mid 1700 which gave birth to the modern steam engine, opening up a world of possibilities. A single steam engine, backed by coal dug in the mines of England, could do the work of dozens of horses.
More convenient than the wind and the water and less expensive than a stable of horses, the steam engine was giving power to locomotives, factories and farms. Coal was also used for the heating of buildings and the cast iron in steel. In 1880, a coal-powered steam engine gave birth the first electric generator in the world. Thomas Edison in New York City plant provided first electric light to the financiers of Wall Street and the New York Times.
Only a year later, it went online the first hydroelectric plant in the world in Appleton, Wisconsin. A few years later, Henry Ford hired his friend Edison to help build a small hydroelectric plant to feed your home in Michigan.
In 1800, a new form of fuel was discovered: oil. For years it has been a nuisance, contaminating wells for drinking water. Initially sold as medicine, oil became a valuable for lighting well as whale oil industry was declining. For the turn of the century, transformed into fuel oil began to fuel internal combustion engines.


Power take off


With the decrease in production costs, automobile and the overcrowding in the use of electricity energy advance in our society changed forever. Increased generation plants electric to build largest hydroelectric dams and coal plants. Power lines spread hundreds of miles between cities, and brought electricity to rural areas.
Use and electricity generation grew rapidly, doubling every 10 years. The cost of generating consistently low and the efficient use of energy was not a concern.
Known Nuclear power after the second world war, a good peaceful use of it was found in the production of electricity. More than 200 nuclear power plants were planned in the USA and in the hope of having very cheap energy were built houses with electric heating systems.
The use of gasoline also grew rapidly. Cars large and heavy the Decade of 1950 and 1960 were manufactured.


Of the big energy Crash of the 70s to the present day


In the year 1973 United States gave support to Israel in its war against Egypt. In response, the rest of the Arab Nations applied an embargo and stopped providing oil to the USA and other Nations. In a few days, the oil price will multiply by three.
In 1979, the Shah of Iran was forced to leave power by Ayatolah Khomeini. Being one of the leading exporters, the price of oil more than I duplico in a matter of weeks. The world began to feel the impact and the importance that has the price of this commodity in the economy.
Three months after the fall of the Shah of Iran, USA, Three Mile Island, nuclear plant suffered a partial merger because of a series of operational errors and mechanical failures. This incident occurred after years of ensuring that the nuclear industry was completely safe to operate with peaceful purposes, which added more uncertainty to the sense of crisis.
For several years the developed countries, as a large net consumers of oil, they try to look for alternatives to deal with the growing need of energy for their economies.

Invest in energy with a ETF

Although the generation of energy through the use of nuclear power plants was always seen as a real alternative to petroleum, cited Three Mile Island accident in 1979, Chernobyl in Ukraine in 1986 and the latest developments in Japan’s Fukushima nuclear power plant in 2011, still leaving many questions about the safe operation of a nuclear power plant and the catastrophic consequences to any accident and decommissioning of radioactive waste.
On the other hand from alternative energy in “clean” sources always showed as the only ecologically sustainable solution in the long term. Already in 1979 President Jimmy Carter American ordered the installation of solar panels in the White House as a signal of the need to evolve to other energy sources. Other Presidents followed trying to encourage alternative energy industry, however the strong lobby of oil industry blocked that until today there are effective measures to move definitively towards a sustainable world energy matrix without adverse environmental effects.

Now the investment

From the point of view of investments, the evolution in the ETF industry also echoed this important sector of the world economy. While many funds are related to companies related to the oil industry, whether in products that provide wide exposure to the sector and sub-sectors of exploration and production or equipment and services; There is also a wide range of ETFs related to companies related to the industry of Gas, coal, Nuclear energy and also in recent years were incorporated different products related to clean energy by either providing a global exposure to the sector or in other specific to Solar or wind power. There is also a large number of ETF linked to raw materials itself instead of companies; here must be borne in mind that these ETFs provide exposure to the commodities through investments in derivative instruments (futures, options), with which can incur costs extra to extend these contracts on time, which generates a discrepancy in returns of these instruments versus prices counted from these raw materials.
Here a complete list of all existing today on ETF offer linked to the energy industry:

General of the Mercado of energy ETF:

XLE: Energy Select Sector SPDR
VDE: Vanguard Energy ETF
IXC: iShares S & P Global Energy
IYE: iShares Dow Jones US Energy
 ENY Guggenheim Canadian Energy Inc.
FXN: First Trust Energy AlphaDEX
PXI: PowerShares Dynamic Energy
PSCE: PoerShares S & P Small Cap Energy
RYE: Rydex S & P Equal Weight Energy
DKA: Wisdom Tree International Energy
EEO: EGShares Emerging Markets Energy
IPW: SPDR S & P International Energy
CHIE: Global X China Energy ETF
AXEN: iShares MSCI ACWI ex US Energy
FEG: Focus Morningstar Energy Index
XOIL: Global X Oil Equities ETF
IOIL: Global IQ Oil Small Cap ETF
XOP: SPDR S & P Oil & Gas Exploration
IEO: iShares Dow Jones US Oil & Gas
PXE: PowerShares Dynamic Energy Exploration
WCAT: Jefferies TR/J CRB Wildcatters

Oil services and equipment:

OIH: Oil Services HOLDRs
IEZ: iShares Dow Jones US Oil Equipment & Service
XES: SPDR S & P Oil & Gas Equipment & Service
YBJ: PowerShares Dynamic Oil & Gas

Carbon market:

KOL: Market Vectors Coal ETF
PKOL: PowerShares Global Coal

Transport infrastructure, power:

AMJ: JPMorgan Alerian MLP Index
MLPI: UBS E-TRACS Alerian Infrastructure
MLPY: Morgan Stanley Cushing MLP ETN Hi
MLPG: UBS E-TRACS Alerian Natural Gas

Gas market:

FCG: First Trust ISE-REV Natural Gas

Nuclear energy:

NLR: Market Vectors Uranium + Nuclear ETF
PKN: PowerShares Global Nuclear
NUCL: iShares S & P Global Nuclear Eenrgy

Clean energy:

PBW: PowerShares Wilderhill Clean Energy
PBD: PowerShares Global Clean Energy
GEX: Market Vectors Global Alternative Energy
ICLN: iShares S & P Global Clean Energy
PUW: PowerShares Wilderhill progressive Energy
QCLN: Fist Trust Nasdaq Clean Energy

Solar energy:

SO: Guggenheim Solar ETF
KWT: Market Vector Solar Energy

Wind energy:

FAN: First Trust Global Wind
PWND: Powershares Global Wind Energy
Invest in energy with a ETF

Raw materials:

USE: United States Oil
UNG: United States Natural Gas
OIL: iPath S & P GSCI Crude Oil TR
BOD: PowerShares DB Oil
USL: United States 12 Month Oil
DBE: PowerShares DB Energy
UGA: United States Gasoline
GAZ: iPath DJ-UBS Natural Gas TR
RJN: ELEMENTS Rogers International Commodity
BNO: Inited States Brent Oil
UNL: United States 12 Month Natural Gas
OLO: PowerShares DB Crude Oil Long
CEB: iPath DJ-UBS Energy TR Sub-Idx
UHN: United States Heating Oil
CRUD: Teucrium WTI Crude Oil
GRN: iPath Global Carbon ETN
UBN: E-TRACS UBS Bloomberg CMCI Energy
NAGS: Teucrium Natural Gas