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Merica keeps a lot of secrets in itself, despite the fact that it was discovered several centuries ago. Before coming to this land of Europeans, on the territory of the continent lived three developed and ancient civilizations-Aztecs, Incas and Maya.
The Aztecs were the most numerous people in Mexico. The Number of Aztecs amounted to almost one and a half million people. The Aztecs were Originally a nomadic tribe that hunted animals.
According to legend, in the 12th century they left their mythical homeland-Astlan Island and eventually settled at the Lake Teskoko. Here They have mastered agriculture and built the city Tenochitlan. Thanks to the conquest of the rulers of the city, the territory on which the hosts were Aztecs, significantly expanded. "Aztecs" now began to call all bearers of this culture. Until the conquest of the Spaniards of the Aztecs preserved their traditions.
On the water, mainly lakes, the Aztecs built artificial islets to engage in agriculture, to grow a lot of different cultures. The Achievements were also high in the craft business. Also Aztecs could to make a pulp-alcoholic drink of a milky color, made from juice of agave.
The Aztec Cities were clearly divided into rectangular plots, and the people's assemblies were held as all the representatives of ancient civilizations in the main square. The Streets in Tenocitlan were replaced by canals because the city was built on a plot of land in the centre of Teskoko Lake. The Communication with the shore was carried out with the help of dams and bridges. Drinking water was delivered to the houses by water pipes.
The Most revered deities of the Aztecs were those who, to varying degrees, influenced the harvest. But the most revered was the god of the war, the Hucialopochtley. The People of the Aztecs believed in the end of the world, and in order to prolong the 52-year cycle of finding the sun in the sky made a human sacrifice to the god of Hucialopochli. It was a kind of religious rite, the priest with the help of a knife scattered the victim's chest and tore up another throbbing heart sprinkled with blood the altar.
The Peak of the Aztec culture fell to the XIV-early 16TH centuries. The Main architectural buildings were stone pyramids with a truncated vertex. On This top there was a temple. Houses where representatives of nobility lived, faced with a stone. There was a common fascination with sculpture. Sculptures of heads from a stone are Widely known: "The Warrior-Eagle", "The Head of the Dead", "the Sad Indian". On Some buildings are preserved wall paintings with images of deities or warriors. Aztecs could make various ornaments, mosaics, made vases and ceramics. Their culture was exterminated by Spaniards, during their hikes in 1519-1521 GG.
Also Aztec had, so-called bookmaker offices. The fact that the Aztecs adored to play ball, and if they could not do it themselves, put on the team. You can Put everything you want: food, wealth, concubines and even freedom! Then, in case of losing the bet, the person became the slave of the winning team.
According to the results of the ritual match the sacrifice was made. Different sources contradict each other in those who, after all, were brought to the altar. Some say that the victim was the best player of the winning team, according to other sources the player of the loser team.
Anyway, no one knows how it really was, and how the Aztecs actually lived. The Foundations of the descendants of the Aztecs, living in our time in central Mexico, are little similar to those that reigned on this earth in the Middle ages. How to know, perhaps, very soon will open new facts about this amazing and unusual people.